Thursday, June 12, 2008
‘THE PERCEPTION OF THE STUDENTS’ (An enquiry into the campuses in Kerala)
Campus is a space which, pave the path for the formation of perspectives of the new generation, which is expected to lead the society, the country and the world in future. The campus and it’s academic and co-curricular environment carry great importance because of this reason. There are a lot of components unfavorable for the meaningful and value based human life, prevailing in the Indian society. It is not an unclear fact. This study attempts to seek the real picture about the campus; whether it is different from the society’s culture, how much is the domination of social control over the students thoughts etc.
For the analysis, the major areas concerned with this study are the perceptions of students about:-
Relationships in campus
Political participation and
Belief in God and social concern
RELATIONSHIPS IN CAMPUS
In general social experience, the factors influencing the human relationships are finance, caste, status, beauty etc. The influence of caste and beauty is very much dominant in the Indian context, and all these factors are closely related to each other.
This study focuses on the friendships in campuses and love affairs. The influence of the financial condition color, caste etc are intended to analyse here.
Education system is a topic of discussion for long period. What ever it may be, the products of contemporary college campuses are to be critically analysed. It is to be studied that what kind of perspectives are obtained from the college studies. How socially created norms and values influence the formation of social consciousness of students is another important area of study. This study makes an attempt to analyse these factors shortly.
In campus politics, majority of the students have no participation in decisions and policy making. All students’ organizations are youth or junior wings of the major political parties. Such mother organizations intervene all spheres of campus politics through the student’s organizations, for protecting their vested interests.
In such a context it is to be analysed, the perception of individual students. This study attempt to analyse the political organizations and its effects on ordinary students.
BELIEF IN GOD AND SOCIAL CONCERN
In the Indian society, the position of religion, God and religious institutions are highly important. Even though the religions highlight a lot of values and humanitarian ideologies, the people hold the religious faith for personal gain. The social concern of believers is to be discussed.
To understand the students’ views on religion and God is very important. The perception of student community in this matter also is attempted to analyse here.
PROFILE OF THE RESPONDENTS
Table 1 shows the gender, economic status, and caste wise classification of the respondents. Among the total respondents from regular college students, 65% were boys and 35% were girls. In professional college, it was 23% and 77% respectively.
20% Backward students and 80% forward caste students were included in the total respondents, from regular colleges. From professional colleges, it was 30% and 70% respectively.
The economic status of the respondents has classified in to three such as; Lower class, Middle class and Upper class. Among the professional college students who have responded in this study, 10% includes in lower, 85% in middle and 5% in upper class category. In case of regular college students, 15% was included in lower category. 80% students belong to middle and 5% students belong to upper class category.
Among regular college students, boys were more in number than girls who responded in this study; But among professional college students girls were more in number than boys.
Most of the students among both the regular and professional colleges, belong to the middle class income category; and it was ‘forward caste’, students who exceeded in number than backward caste students.
I. THE NATURE OF RELATIONSHIPS OF COLLEGE STUDENTS
For analysing the nature of relationships of college students, the friendship pattern and love affairs are attempted to analyse here.
Most of the students who responded in this study do like friendship only 1.2% students from professional college do no like new friendships. The nature of friendships which the students mostly prefer is ‘sharing’, 91% regular college students and 85.7% professional college students have agreed with this opinion. But it is notable that 15% students from professional colleges and 9% students from regular colleges do not prefer friendship with a ‘sharing’ nature. They consider friendships as time passing and others.
NATURE OF FRIENDSHIP
Another fact is that, 21% students of regular colleges and 11% students of professional colleges can not gain intimates who satisfy their interests. Table-2 shows whether the students gain such intimate friends or not.
Table showing whether the students obtain friends who satisfy their interests
In case of regular college students, only 50% among them can meet such intimates. 29% can partially and 21% student can not obtain such students, as their friends. In professional colleges the situation is not different from regular colleges. Only 44.5% students can obtain such good friends, who satisfy their interests 44.5% students partially fulfill their friendship need and 11% students hardly meet with such friends.
REASON FOR NOT OBTAINING INTERESTED FRIENDSHIP RELATIONS
CRITERION FOR SELECTING FRIENDS
Table shows the criteriaous adopted by students in selecting their friends.
75% students in regular colleges and 65% students in professional colleges select their friend on the basis of their aptitudinal equality. Only 4.5% students, that is from regular colleges, select friends on the basis of money. No respondents from professional colleges said that they will select friends on money basis. Religion and caste (communal) base selection is not preferred by regular college students but in professional colleges, there are 0.84% student who select friends on the basis of caste of religion. 20.5% students from regular colleges and 34.6% students from professional colleges select friends on some other basis.
ROLE OF FRIENDS IN SOLVING/ SHARING PROBLEMS
While facing problems, most of the students do not seek help or share with their friends.
Table showing the ways of problem sharing among college students
Share with friends
Pray to God
Do not share
37% Regular students and 45% professional college students use effectively their friendship for problem solving and sharing. 50% regular students and 42% professional students do pray to God in problems. They do not share with their friends. There are students who do not share or even pray to God. They are 12% in regular college students and 3% in professional students.
THOUGHT OF COMMITTING SUICIDE
There are students who have thought even about suicide in campuses. In case of regular college students, 12.5% of them have thought about committing suicide many times. 4% of students responded that, they are thinking about suicide. 29.5% students think very often and 54% students do not think about suicide.
In case of professional students, 10.44% among them have thought about committing suicide. 4.20% students are now thinking about suicide 2.75% and 30.22% students think very often. 52.49% students have not thought and 2.75% said other answers.
THOUGHT OF COMMITTING SUICIDE
EVALUATING CAMPUS FRIENDSHIP
Table showing now students evaluate their friendship relations in campus
When evaluating there friendship relations by the students themselves, 29% regular students and 31.9% professional students said that such relations are not genuine. Only 50% regular students and 38.6% professional students said that the campus friendships have sincerity. There are students having the opinions that the campus friendships are never ending also. They are 16% regular students and 7.5% professional students.
PINIONS OF STUDENTS ABOUT CAMPUS RELATIONSHIPS
TEACHER–STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS IN CAMPUS
The relationships with teachers are seemed strong and friendly among regular college students than professional college students. In professional college, there are only 7.5% students having a friendly relation with their teachers. At the same time, this relationship among regular college students is 37.5%.
Table showing the intensity of this relationships
No friendly relations
Keep some distance
Regular college students
Professional college students
Among regular college students, there are only 12.5% students who have no friendship with their teachers. But it is 57.28% among professional college students. 50% students in regular colleges keep a distance with teachers in their relationship 35.16% students in professional colleges keep the same relationship with their teachers.
FRIENDSHIP RELATIONSHIPS-FACT ANALYSIS
The study reveals that, students are really interested in creating new friendships. Only 1.2% students from professional colleges do not include in this statement. Majority of the students both from professional and regular colleges prefer ‘sharing’ friends. There are only 14.76% students from professional college and 9% students from regular colleges expressed other opinions.
Majority of students select their friends on the basis of their aptitudional equality. Only 0.84% students said that they will select friends on the basis of caste and religion only 4.5 students shall select friends on money basis.
When these factors are analyzing, it can be felt that super majority of students are giving high importance for their friends, there is no caste and money based discrimination in campus and the ‘social democracy’ is practiced in the campuses. But in reality, all these are not only mere concepts but the real picture is far from those concepts also.
It can be understood by analysing the followings.
Whether the students obtain friends who can satisfy their interests or not,
Whether they share their problems with their friends or not,
How the students evaluate the campus relationships etc.
Firstly, there are only 50% students from regular colleges and 44.5% students from professional colleges, who obtain intimate friends from campuses. The reason for not obtaining intimates are lack of openness and lack of sincerity. Only 6.72% students said that time lack is the reason. It is to be thought that why the rest of the students cannot obtain intimates?
A study on ‘problems of ‘Dalit’ students faced in campus’ has proved that, deep friendship between lower caste students and upper caste students are very rare. According to this study, “55% upper caste students have no more than 5 lower caste friends and 45% upper caste students have no relationship with lower caste families”.
In this study, 20% regular college students and 30% professional college students belong to the backward communities.
Secondly, most of the students do not share their problems with their friends. There are only 37% regular college students and 45% professional college students who share their problems and seek help in trouble from their friends. All other students seek some other ways for solving the problems. The number of students who think about suicide is high. 47.51% students from professional college and 46% students from regular college have thought about committing suicide. This also shows the gape in friendships and real picture of campus relationships.
Thirdly, the students themselves evaluate that, there are lack of geniuses in campus relationships. 29% regular students and 31.9% professional students have this Opinions. Student-teacher relations also are problematic. There are very few friendly relationships between teachers and students in campuses. This is only among 7.56% students in professional colleges. Friendly relation with teachers is there, among 37.5% students in regular colleges.
By analyzing all these factors it can be concluded that the friendship relations in campuses are not running through smooth and genuine ways.
To separate love affairs from campuses is impossible, and the nature and determining factors of ‘love’ are rapidly changing day by day.
In this study, 62% professional students and 63% regular college students have expressed their favourable opinion about campus ‘love’.
WHETHER THE CAMPUS LOVE IS GOOD OR NOT COMMENTS
OPINION ABOUT LOVE AFFAIRS IN CAMPUS
Students say that deep love is very rare in campus relations. Only 6% professional students and 33.5% regular students said that the love affairs in campuses are deeper. 60% professional students and 54% regular students say that all relations are just for time passing.
PINION ABOUT LOVE AFFAIRS IN CAMPUS
OPINION ABOUT THE CRITERIAN OF AFFAIRS
The criterion for selecting lover is very important in this study. 32% students from professional college and 33.5% students from regular college have an opinion that economic factors are the important criteria. 10% from professional college and 8% from regular college have said that, caste is the criteria. Other students opinion is the major criteria for selecting mate is aptitude and other matters.
ATTRACTIVE FACTOR OF AFFAIRS
Table showing the opinions of students about the attractive factors of affairs
The important attractive factor which lead to love affairs are colour, financial factors and character 22% students from professional colleges and 25% students from regular colleges responded that colour is the attractive factor in campus love affairs.
There are students with the opinion that finance and character also play important role in campus relations.
Among professional college students, 21% students say that finance is the attractive factor and 23% say that character is important in case of regular college, it is 23% and 46% respectively.
Table showing the preference of students to different types of marriage
Majority of students do like the arranged system of marriage. 64% students from professional college and 58% students from regular college are in this opinion. There are only 17% professional students and 29.5% regular students who support the love marriages.
LOVE AND MARRIAGE–FACT ANALYSIS
Majority of college students have favourable approach towards the love affairs and they have clear perception also. 62% students from both regular and professional colleges are of this opinion. There are very less number of students who have an infavourable approach towards campus love and love marriages.
It is notable that students have no opinion that, the existing love affairs in the contemporary society have sincere nature. Most of the students have responded in such a way. 54% to 60% students say that all campus affairs are just for time passing. They say that deep love is very rare in campus relations.
33.5% regular students say that there are indepth love affairs in campus, but there are only 6% students are in professional colleges who support this openian. The reason for this difference should have to find out.
Even though majority of students are supportive to the affairs in campus; most of them prefer financially sound relationships. 32% from professional and 33.5% from regular colleges are on this way. Caste also plays a role for selecting a lover.
Majority of students are exponents of love affairs in campus. But there are very less number of students who are ready to get a love marriage. But it has seen that the financial consideration in love affairs is existing in campuses.
EXPONENTS OF LOVE MARRIAGE
The reason for this attitude towards love and marriage in campus can be obtained while anlaysing the determining and influencing factors of love and marriage. Students have responded to this question.
INFLUENCING FACTORS OF AFFAIRS
Table 3.3 shows the opinions of college student about the influencing factors of campus love. There is a clear difference between regular college students and professional college students. ‘New trends’ are put forward by professional college students as one of the major determinant factor. 43% students hold it. But only 8% students in regular colleges accept this opinion. For them, a farsighted life consciousness is the important factor. 54.5% regular college students have highlighted this factor. The influence of ‘media’ is another factor, about that equally put forward by both the regular and professional college students.
By analysing there respondings it can be affirmed that, trends, media and far sights about future are the determining factors of love and marriage. A majority of students like affairs, but the number of students supporting the ‘love marriages’ are very less.
The influence of media among students is increased and it creates new trends in campus. As the important medias are under the control of the consumeristic culture, the major concerns of the media are business and profit. For this an aesthetical consciousness and related ‘economic standards’ have created by these medias. Students are flowing towards such ‘standards’ of aesthetics and ‘economics’. This create a minimum ‘standard’ for love, lover and the life.
A student who is concerned with his future, has to consider these standards of ‘finance’, aesthetics, and some existing values like morality, concern to family etc. Even though he or she is supportive to the campus love and love marriages, while considering all these factors, they can not continue with or dare to hold up his ideology. In fact this social control is dominating on the student’s revolutionary thoughts or the students are governed by these social values. Girls are generally compelled to follow such values. In this study, 35% students from regular colleges and 77% students from professional colleges are girls.
II- PERCEPTION ON ACADEMIC AFFAIRS
It is very important to understand what the students think of their course, faculty, internal assessment system etc. It will be helpful to analysis the educational system which prevailing in the campuses.
Table showing whether the students are satisfied with their course of study
Up to a level
Table 4.1 shows students opinion about there own courses of study. There are only 40% professional students and 38% regular students who are satisfied with course they are studying. 52% professional students and 18% regular students are only partially satisfied. In professional colleges, 8% students are not satisfied with their study. It is notable that, 44% students of regular colleges are not interested/satisfied with their course.
NATURE OF STUDY
Another important part of this analysis is to know what is the nature of studies in campuses. Students opinion is shows in the table 4.2
Most of the students approach the study as job oriented one 37.5% regular students are of this opinion. There are only 57% professional students who study for doing job in that discipline.
The important fact is that there are very less number of students who consider the education for an overall development and change. There are only 46% Regular college students who approach the study critically and curiously. 20% professional students also hold this opinion. The following diagram gives a clear picture.
STUDENTS VIEW ON INTERNAL ASSESSMENT SYSTEM
Internal assessment system has been criticised due to the allegations of students about nepotism and exploitations done by teachers. Here the view of students are being analysed. The diagram shows the students opinion about internal assessment system.
PINION OF STUDENTS
33% students from professional colleges viewed that internal assessment is a tool for exploiting students. It is to be noted that, 77% students responded in this study from professional colleges are girls.
Only 28% students from professional colleges and 37.5% students from regular colleges have an opinions that, it is a very helpful to increase discipline.
Some students have an opinion that, internal assessment is helpful to increase students standard. 46% regular students and 30% professional students are holding this opinion.
ACADEMIC AFFAIRS–FACT ANALYSIS
Most of the students do their education for attaining a job and secured life. The number of students who take the education in a serious and critical manner is very less. Regular colleges are better than professional colleges when compare this factor.
The role of teachers is very critical in formation of students perspectives. 55% teachers in regular colleges and 70% teachers in professional colleges do no take the students towards various dimensions of the study process. Students say that there are only 17% teachers in regular colleges and 21% teachers in professional colleges who facilitate the students in such a way.
Education should be helpful in developing perspective for contributing to the society. Most of the students are interested in building a secured life. 44% regular students and 58% professional students are holding this opinion. There are only 12.5% students from regular colleges and 19% students from professional colleges, who like to contribute for the society. The diagram shows the real picture.
It means that the consciousness obtained by students from the education process and social relations is, ‘the building up of a secured life is important than social concern’
III- INTERVENTIONS AND PERCEPTION ON POLITICS
Students interventions and views on campus politics are attempted to analyse here. The students have responded to the question, whether the political organizations are a need in campus or not?
Table showing the student’s responding about the need of
Political organizations in campus.
Organizations are need
Do not consider
Organizations are not a need
56% professional students and 52% regular students are of opinions that political organisations are necessary in campus. There are students opposing this opinions. It includes 22% professional students and 15% regular students. 22% professional students and 33% regular students do not consider the political organisations.
IS POLITICS DIVIDING THE STUDENTS?
Most of the students said that politics make divisions among the students. It is both ideological and communal.
The diagram express the opinion of students on this question
S POLITICS MAKE DIVISIONS– STUDENTS OPINION
There are very less number of students who say that politics do not make divisions. 27% professional college students are holding this opinion. In regular college, only 4.5% students have this opinion. Majority of students believe in the role of political organizations in dividing the students on communal or ideological base.
SERVICE OF POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS IN CAMPUS
Students have responded to the question whether they have received any personal help from political parties, related to their education. Most of the students have not got any kind of help. The diagram shows the respondings of students.
ERSONAL HELP FROM POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS
60% professional students and 75% regular students have not got any kind of personal help related to their educational purpose. There is no huge difference between professional colleges and regular colleges.
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION OF STUDENTS
Most of the students are fully or partially related with students organizations in campus. But the reason for participating or being a member is different. Students have given various reason for their political participation in this study.
Majority of students join with political organizations because of compulsion. 40% students in professional colleges and 41.5% in regular colleges are joined due to this reason. There are 46% students in regular colleges who join with political organizations because of their ideology.
There are some students join with politics just for time passing [12.5% from regular colleges and 7% from professional colleges].
EASON FOR POLITICAL MEMBERSHIP
POLITICAL INTERVENTIONS-FACT ANALYSIS
Students view on political organizations are both positively and negatively. But majority of students have given an infavourable opinions about campus politics. About half and more of the total population has expressed their view-that is campus politics is necessary. [56% from professional colleges and 52% from regular colleges]
At the same time, majority of the students say that politics causes for division among the students, both ideological and communal.
The notable fact is that, 40% professional students and 41.5% regular students have joined in political parties because of their compulsion.
About half of the total students have infavourable views about the campus politics.
IV. FAITH, FUTURE AND SOCIAL CONCERN
Faith in God, future and social concern are closely related to each other. Generally speaking, people trust in god for their own prosperity and a safe future. The faith never transforms in to ‘love for all’ or a concern for the society. In campus also no more changes have occurred in faith perceptions.
THE DIAGRAM REVEALS THE INTENSITY OF FAITH IN GOD, IN CAMPUSES
There are very less number of students who have no belief in God. 96% professional students and 92% regular students have trusted with God. 4% of total students replayed that they are in confusion.
FAITH AND FUTURE LIFE
78% professional students and 97.5% regular students believe that there is a strong relation with faith in God and future life. 7.5% regular students and 18% professional students are confused in this matter.
Table shows students view on relationships with faith in God and future life.
Future is related to faith
WHETHER THE SOCIAL ISSUES REFLECT IN CAMPUSES
This happen differently in professional colleges and regular colleges students have responded this questions. The diagram shows the opinion of students
In case of professional colleges 49% students say that campus do not take social issues as its problems. 24% students say that campus hold the social issues 5% students do not mind such matters.
In regular college campuses 62% students are in opinion that the social issues reflect in campus. But 12.5% students do not agree with this. Other students have no clear opinion about this matter.
FAITH AND SOCIAL CONCERN – FACT ANALYSIS
In campus super majority of students are believers of God and they think, the belief in God and future life are closely related. The fact is that, strong belief in God in one hard and thoughts of suicide on the other hand is the real condition of the students. The discussions and reflections on the social issues are also very less.
It prove that, the faith formation that has occurred among the students is not in a humanitarians perspective.
To analyse the perceptions of students about relationships, education process, political participation and belief in God and social concern was not an easy task and the result is not complete.
By analysing the views of students in different areas, it can be concluded that the control of the social laws and norms are dominated on the students’ thoughts. It can be seen in the relationship of students in campuses.
Even though all students are expecting good and ‘sharing’ friends, most of them cannot own such relations. The reasons are lack of sincerity, openness etc. All relations, even love affairs are influenced by money factor. There are very less number of students who are supportive to love marriages.
Students view the education as a path for achieving a good job and secured life. Students have both favourable and unfavourable opinion about politics. The general trend shown by the students is, most of the students are believers of God. But there are a lot of socially created components which influence the human relationships and the thoughts of social concern. It should be noted that about 50% students have thought about suicide also. The important positive factor shown by students is, all students do like sincere relations, both in friendships and love affairs.
The study has focused only on the views and opinions of students. The reasons and result are not considered here.
Students like friendship and their preference is ‘sharing’ friends. Only 1.2% students (professional students) do not like new friendships.
21% regular students and 11% professional students cannot obtain good friendships. Students say that the reasons are lack of openness, lack of sincerity and lack of time.
Criterion for selecting friends is aptitude for majority of students. 0.84% professional students select friends on caste/communal base.
Problem sharing with friends is very less in campuses. Only 37% regular students and 45% professional students do this. Others pray to God and seek other relations.
44% professional students and 46% regular students have thought about suicide.
29% regular students and 31.9% professional students think, the friendships in campus have no sincerity.
In professional colleges, teacher student relationships are not a friendly one. Only 7.56% students have a friendly relation with their teachers. In regular colleges it is only 37.5%
62% professional students and 62.5% regular students have favourable opinions about campus love. Infavourable comment has expressed 6% professional students and 8.5% regular students.
students believe that very rare love affairs have sincerity. Only 6% professional students believe that campus affairs are sincere. Among regular students it is 33.5%
caste, financial status and colour play an important role in selecting lovers. 10% professional students and 8% regular students consider caste. In case of finance it is 32% and 33.5% respectively.
very less students are there to support love marriages [17% professional students and 29% regular students]. 64% regular students and 58% professional students support arranged marriage.
7% professional students and 4% regular students shall avoid marriage.
only 40% professional students are satisfied in their study. It is 38% in case of regular students.
serious and critical studies are rare in campus. While 46% students of regular colleges take the study as a serious process, 37.5% students are doing the study for attaining a job.
students say that internal assessment system help them to improve their standard and discipline (28% professional students and 37.5% regular students)
33% professional students say that internal assessment system shall be a tool for exploiting students. 12.5% regular students also hold this opinion.
most of the students expect a secured life for them. 19% professional students and 12% regular students want to do social works.
50% of the total student population consider campus politics as a need (56% professional students and 52% regular students). 22% professional and 15% regular students do not agree with this.
students have an opinion that campus politics make divisions in the student population. Only 4.5% regular students and 27% professional students do not accept this.
40% professional students and 41.5% regular students have joined with political organizations due to compulsion.
it is in regular colleges, most of the students joined because of ideological reasons. (46%). It is only (13%) among professional students.
96% professional students and 92% regular students do believe in God. There are 4% students both in regular and professional colleges who do not believe in God. 4% students in regular colleges are confused in this matter.
78% professional students and 91.5% regular students believe that future life and faith in God are closely related.